Arrested Development Play “Tennessee”

Listen to this track by Atlanta-based hip hop collective Arrested Development. It’s “Tennessee”, the first single taken from their smash-hit debut record, 3 Years, 5 Months, and 2 Days In the Life Of … released in the spring of 1992. The group are widely known as being pioneers in southern hip hop and authors of the aural counterbalance to the rise of West Coast scenes during the early nineties, with their debut record as a fine example.

In contrast to the violence and nihilism of a lot of rap at the time, Arrested Development traded in more celebratory themes, while still acknowledging the same burdensome weight of history on black communities in America and the anger and sorrow it justifiably creates. Under the creative leadership of Speech and Headliner, the group concocted a potent blend of musical styles from soul, gospel, dub, funk (this song samples Prince’s “Alphabet Street” prominently), blues, and jazz.

Importantly, this song in particular eschews the braggadocio, posturing, and often very understandable cynicism of a lot of the rap coming out of the West Coast that dominated the field at the time and embraces a brand of vulnerable candour in its place.”Tennessee” is downright humble, being in the form of a prayer. Yet the themes built into this song are not to be dismissed as lightweight. In fact, it evokes much of the same darkness and struggle as is found in any example of socially aware hip hop of the time. Read more

Taj Mahal Sings “Take A Giant Step”

Giant_StepListen to this track by blues and roots alchemist and multi-instrumentalist interpreter Taj Mahal. It’s “Take A Giant Step”,  the title track as taken from one-half of his 1969 two-fer double album Giant Step/De Ol’ Folks Home, his third release. The album represented two different approaches on each disc, with one being a full band excursion into the American roots music spectrum. The other is a solo acoustic record.

On both discs, you can hear just how well integrated Mahal’s sound is with respect to country, blues, folk, and pop music. This track may be the prime example of this, written by pop writers supreme Carole King & Gerry Goffin written for The Monkees and recorded by them as a B-side for first hit single, “The Last Train To Clarksville”.  This version by Mahal is a far cry from that one, slowing everything down, taking out the pop-psychedelic and far east edges, and replacing them with a languid and world-weary quality that the fresh-voiced Monkees couldn’t really have pulled off in their version, as much as I love it.

This is another sterling example of how an arrangement and vocal performance can add dimension to a song. So, what’s the angle on this tune? I think there’s a decidedly spiritual aspect to be found here that may have been missed earlier, but that Taj Mahal is able to draw out as easily as a bucket of water from a sacred river. Read more

Jim White Sings “Static On The Radio” Feat. Aimee Mann

Drill_a_Hole_in_That_Substrate_and_Tell_Me_What_You_SeeListen to this track by musical pilgrim and singer-songwriter Jim White, along with his guest in fellow pop scribe Aimee Mann. It’s “Static On The Radio”, a cut as taken from White’s 2004 record, Drill A Hole In That Substrate And Tell Me What You See.

Before he became a professional songwriter, Jim White was known by his birth name: Michael Davis Pratt. He had had a storied career in non-musical fields such as film school student, pro-surfer, preacher (he’d been in the Pentecostal church as a teen), and cabbie. He learned his instrument and his craft while laid up with a broken leg, watching game shows, and learning chord shapes. All the while, his gift for narrative was waiting to blossom, which eventually it certainly did in his songs, and in his prose fiction, too.

I think that mixture of writing disciplines on White’s part is what primarily feeds this song, which a series of vignettes that are decidedly nocturnal in nature and in execution. It’s almost a literal dark night of the soul kind of song. From where does it spring, and what does it say about White’s own experience, and maybe ours, too? Read more

10 Songs About God

God. The Big Guy. The Man Upstairs. The Creator and Ruler of the Universe. The Sacred Mother. A Concept By Which We Measure Our Pain. Anyway you express the idea of god, the fact remains that god has made quite a few appearances in pop music through the decades, being as he is an important aspect of human existence.

Even in the so-called Devil’s music, God doesn’t escape the attention of songwriters. Some artists declare their own faith in all of His mysterious works. Others look upon god as being a figment of the imagination, or a cruel hoax of humanity’s own making. Still others associate God with the idea of an ideal version of how the world should be if we were to be more godlike.

So without further ado, here are a choice few songs about, or relating to, God.


In My Time of Dying – Blind Willie Johnson, and others

There is an interesting dichotomy in the blues, much like there is in early rock n’ roll, between the sacred and profane. If Robert Johnson told tales of hellhounds on his trail, then his namesake Blind Willie Johnson was talking about how to find the soul of a man. In Blind Willie Johnson’s “In My Time of Dying”, the preparation for the next life is counterbalanced between what is done in the current one – a recurring theme in the gospel-blues tradition.

The song’s immensity has been covered by a lot of rock artists, most notably Bob Dylan on his self-titled debut, and Led Zeppelin who made the song into an 11+ minute epic of slide guitar and thundering drums on their 1975 Physical Graffiti album. In the link above, you can watch Zep playing a snippet of the song on their recent show at London’ 02.

Spirit in the Sky – Norman Greenbaum

Norman Greenbaum Spirit in the SkyNorman Greenbaum listened to a lot of country music on the radio, most notably the Grand Ol’ Opry which often featured gospel songs on the closing numbers. So in the, um, spirit of that tradition he wrote his homage to this tradition in his sole hit song “Spirit in the Sky” which combines the sentiment of airy-fairy Christian escapism with a John Lee Hooker-like stomp. The song would be a number one for Greenbaum, and later make a – if you’ll excuse me- second coming in the mid-80s when Doctor & the Medics also became one-hit wonders on the back of the song.

All The Diamonds in the World – Bruce Cockburn

Bruce CockburnA lot of songs don’t mention God directly, but rather describe how easily one’s point of view can change when faced with the beauty of nature and all of the power in metaphor to be found there. For some years, singer-songwriter Bruce Cockburn had been working toward an aha moment in pursuit of this phenomenon.

This song, taken from his 1974 album Salt, Sun, and Time is the expression of that moment. Cockburn would later take the strength of it and turn it into activism in the 1980s, with the attitude in mind that one can’t love one’s neighbour, if one doesn’t know who one’s neighbour is.

Every Grain of Sand – Bob Dylan

Much like Cockburn, Bob Dylan had an aha moment. His was in a hotel room in 1978 while touring his record Street Legal. He claims to have had a visitation from Jesus, which initiated what he described as a born again experience. It was the beginning of the “Gospel Bob” era, which produced a trio of albums starting with 1979’s Slow Train Coming, closely followed by 1980’s Saved and 1981’s Shot of Love.

“Every Grain of Sand” is a straight-forward gospel song, no longer obscured by Dylan’s elusive use of imagery on which he’d built a reputation. This time around, the richness of the imagery reveals the writer, instead of hiding him. Although these albums are not considered to be among his best, this song is certainly one of the most notable of the era. Emmylou Harris recorded it for her superb Wrecking Ball album.

Dylan would return to less overt references to god on subsequent releases. But spiritual references are still very much a part of his work, with images of spirits on the water cropping up every so often, as much a part of the blues and gospel music which inspired him to become a musician in the first place.

Wake Up Dead Man – U2

U2U2 have had an interest in Christian faith since their inception, with enthusiasms for it being relative to which band member you’re speaking to. But one undeniable thing is u2’s political stances and social consciousness, which both wins fans as well as repell potential ones. “Wake Up Dead Man” from their 1998 concept album Pop seems to merge both interests – a plea for help in the middle of a “fucked-up world”.

As critically panned as the album was, it was quite a move away from the stadium anthems of the past which to me makes it worth noting. It was also a move away from their take on the Psalms, “40” too. This new prayer is fearful, and angry, wondering why the world is so inhospitable. If the concept of the album was the superficiality of our western culture, than this song may stand as a single ray of hope that in times of darkness, the best thing to be is honest in one’s helplessness.

Blasphemous Rumours – Depeché Mode

Depeché Mode’s bread and butter at one time was teenaged angst to a synthesised beat. But this track is when they were beginning to grow up, and to face their own thoughts about larger issues. I was a Christian in the mid ’80s, and this song shook me up; the idea that God was playing a trick on us, that devotion to Him didn’t mean that we were in any way safe from harm was unbearable. I hated this song because it frightened me.

But maybe that was the best message I could have received; that my devotion to anything other than common decency and sense was secondary, and that any faith that I had should serve that purpose, and no other. It took me a long time to start that journey and where I certainly don’t have Depeché Mode or this song to thank for it, I can certainly understand that what they’re trying to say is extremely important.

God’s Comic – Elvis Costello

Elvis CostelloThe theme of absurdity when it comes to the world and the God who purportedly made it is a pretty strong connection. On Costello’s “God’s Comic”, one of the best tracks from his Spike album, God is a misrepresented figure who scratches his head at humanity, making him wonder whether he “should have given the world to the monkeys”.

You can kind of understand this point of view in many ways, given how much evil and unthinking cruelty has been carried out in his name. Costello frames this very well, with a parallel between metaphysics and show business that shows that humanity’s image of God has been reduced to that of a figure of celebrity. Or at very least a confusion with Santa Claus; “it’s the big white beard, I suppose,” says a beleaguered God.

I Need Love – Sam Phillips

Sam PhillipsOne thing which the best songwriters with faith are able to do is draw a distinction between the idea or even person of God, and the systems which are built up around them. Sam Phillips and her husband T-Bone Burnett are two such writers. This song, taken from the 1994 album Martinis & Bikinis proclaims a direct message – I need love/Not some sentimential prison/I need God/ not the political church”.

So much paraphernalia is attached to faith, so much extra weight that has become attached to it, like barnacles on the side of a ship. But, Phillips’ song cuts through it. It almost makes you think that if every person of faith thought this way, there would be no need for religion at all. Loving one’s neighbour would just be best practice.

Dear God and The Ballad of Peter Pumpkinhead – XTC

XTCSometimes, different takes about God and the value of faith can be reflected in the work of a single writer. Take Andy Partridge, for instance. His 1986 song (later added to pressings of the band’s Skylarking LP) “Dear God” deals in disappointment. It’s a prayer to a God who is seemingly uninterested in the state of a world He created.It’s an angry song about throwing down one’s own graven images, and moving on.

And it caused a lot of stir when it was released too. Yet, this is a pretty popular and compelling view; that free will is one thing, but this “evil” thing is becoming more than just an alternative to good. Children are dying of hunger, wars have started because of conflicting views about sacred texts, and we’re left to wonder what it all means.

I love that Partridge wrote another song about Peter Pumpkinhead on XTC’s 1992 disc Nonsuch; a Christ figure who doesn’t adhere to the rules of conduct, because they get in the way of doing what really matters; feed the starving, house the poor, and show the Vatican what gold’s for. Where the absurdities, and murderous intent of religion go undiminished in this song, this is a story about how Christianity and faith should have worked systematically – that the crucified Christ looks a lot like you and me, that we should also feed the starving, house the poor, and show the establishment what gold’s for.


So there we are; God. The Biggest There is. The Major Dude. The Master of Ceremonies. It makes sense of course that there continue to be songs about God and about our relationship to the eternal. And maybe art – song, story, visual art – is one of the better ways of making sense of it.